“In Pakistan failing infrastructure and the absence of good governance as xposed through declining economic and social indicators shows us a dismal scenario, poor law enforcement”



When we switch to CNN or BBC with in 20 mints they show at least one type of news like al-Qaeda or Talibangrab the Pakistan’s nuclear? These are the questions which raised every day by the European or American media and policy circles. .

As per my surch approximately two dozen suicide bombings in 2009 so far, (66 in 2008) and (61 in 2007) all of which have sharp targeted Defence like Pakistan Army,police, some politicians, and ordinary people not only in the country’s turbulent northwest but also in its major urban centers it indicate the seriousness of the threat. A ammunition factory Wah (Punjab) was targeted by two suicide bombers in August 2008, an act that sent shudders across the country’s security establishment.

Although certainly a matter of very serious concern is that terrorists need far more than suicide bombers to get hold of nuclear materials. In fact is the xpanding influance and reach of the Taliban and similar groups in the FATA and the NWFP. The Swat embarrassing situation speaks for itself.

Poor law enforcement capacity and inadequate counterinsurgency know how on the part of Pakistan’s army are partly responsible for this state of affairs. Confused threat perceptions and popular consperetorial thinking also encourages the denial of reality. The failing infrastructure and absence of good governance asexposed through prolonged electricity shutdowns and declining economic and social indicators further provides an overall dismal scenario. All of this however presents only one side and a scary one at that of the coin.

if you close your eyes to the other side of the coin at your own risk. Pakistan a country of roughly 170 million people recently witnessed the fruits of a courageous and sustained lawyers movement that led to the restoration of the deposed Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry and about 60 other superior court judges. These judges were victims of former President Pervez Musharraf’s shortsghtednes and selfishness in 2007 in turn provoked a major movement that inspired and stimulated thousands of Pakistanis to struggle for the rule of law an independent judiciary and the supremacy of the constitution. The people stood up for those who defied a dictator a rare development in the 62 year checkered history of Pakistan. The movement’s leading activists were connected through print and electronic media an indication that the middle class and prorule of law civil society elements are also well networked.

A vibrant and enthusiastic electronic and print media helped this cause greatly though sometimes at the cost of objectivity  but for a progressive goal. There is no dearth of Pakistani writers, artists, poets, and intellectuals who are not only continuing with their creative work but also are readying people to stand up to the country’s challenges especially the monster of religious intolerance. Another relevant example is the many women who are joining Pakistan’s army and air force as soldiers and fighter pilots presents yet another picture. This is the picture of hope and change that Pakistanis are calling UMEED E SEHR the hope of a new dawn.

But indeed the question is which picture is the real Pakistan? those crazy militants who cherish beheading opponents and beating women or those who stand for a pluralistic, progressive, and democratic Pakistan. The answer is both. Those who accept nothing but just look at the voting pattern in the 2008 national and elections the comparatively liberal (PPP,ANP and MQM) received significantly more votes than the religious political parties all of which were trounced.

Those parties are of course not without fault and a large community of votes also went to such centrist parties as the Nawaz Sharif-led Muslim League which runs Punjab the country’s largest province. Although the overall political trends are on the positive side there is certainly increasing stress and strain.
In this scheme of things American Pakistani relations are a very important part of the puzzle. It is a puzzle in the sense that despite a long history of relations including times when Pakistan was called the (most allied ally) and occasions when it became (Tthe most sanctioned state) both states distrust each other. The mutual dealings are increasingly filled with resentment, miscommunication, and a sense of caginess.

Chir. foreing relation John F. Kerry and Republican Dick Lugar while introducing legislation to put  effect key elements of President Obama’s new strategy in Pakistan and Afghanistan framed the problem appropriately when they said (The status is not working the United States believes it is paying too much and getting too little and most Pakistanis believe exactly the opposite). The new bill if approved by Congress will triple nonmilitary assistance to Pakistan to $1.5 billion annually for the next five years to help the country stabilize.

An earlier bill with the same intent the one introduced by Chair. Foreign Affairs Committee Howard Berman had a long list of conditions attached to it. This list drew scathing criticism from Pakistani officials who sent the clear message that they would not accept the aid package with such strings attached. One condition related to the terrorism issue read as (Pakistan has to certify that there is no activity taking place against India)

Richard Holbrooke the administration’s special representative to Pakistan and Afghanistan and Mike Mullen Chair. Joint Chiefs of Staff, visited Pakistan together after these proposed conditions were made known to Pakistan government. I read Shuja Nawaz’s article on Holbrooke and Mike visited Shuja Nawaz well informed, explains what happened during the visit (This is probably the worst ever visit by an American team to South Asia in history. … It was a complete disaster. And if this is how you want to win friends, I just wonder how you want to create enemies.) He also cautioned Washington policy makers that potentially, American Pakistan relations were heading for a train wreck. Thankfully a crisis in the making was duly averted.

However the question remains How can one make certain that a legitimate and reasonable oversight of the funding and support is provided to those sectors where help is needed the most? To build a deeper, sustainable, and long-term strategic engagement with the people of Pakistan, the United States must learn from its past mistakes and should not shy away from accepting its past missteps.

Pakistan is a divided nation today and a democratic society trapped inside an undemocratic state.” In the West, Pakistan army is still seen as an institution that can stabilize things if need be.  As we saw the Time Magazine, why profiled Pakistan’s army chief General Ashfaq Pervez Kiani as being among the most influential 100 people in the world today in the category of Leaders and Revolutionaries.

A few months before I was watching Mr Haroon ul  Rasheed in sitcom show KALAM KAAR he xplained When States Failor  Causes and Consequences, he provided a useful informative framework. He continued that weak states (or states in crisis)  they may be basically strong, but temporarily or situationally weak because of internal antagonisms, despotism, or external attacks. Weak states typically harbor ethnic, religious tensions… Urban crime rates tend to be high and increasing… Schools and hospitals show sign of neglect, GDP per capita and other critical economic indicators have fallen or are falling… . Weak states usually honor rule of law precepts in the breach.

 As per these decisive factors, Pakistan is a weak state in essence. By definition, internal corrective process and international support can rescue such states.

“This is an excerpt of a report written for WORDPRESS by MAG”


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